Speech-Language Pathology refers to the full range of communication and its disorders. A Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP) is a trained professional who possesses specific skills to evaluate and treat communication problems.
Speech-Language Pathologists address difficulties in:
- Reading & Writing
- Feeding & Swallowing
For more information about typical speech and language development see our child benchmarks.
The development of communication skills begins in infancy. The earlier a child’s speech and language problems are identified and treated, the less likely it is that problems will persist or get worse. Early speech and language intervention can help children be more successful with reading, writing, schoolwork and interpersonal relationships.
Specific Areas of Assessment & Intervention
- Speech sound disorders – (difficulty pronouncing sounds)
- Language disorders – (difficulty understanding what they hear as well as expressing themselves with words)
- Reading disorders – (difficulty with decoding print in books, reading comprehension, writing composition)
- Cognitive-communication disorders – (difficulty with thinking skills including perception, memory, awareness, executive functioning, reasoning, judgment, intellect and imagination)
- Voice disorders – (difficulty with voice volume, hoarseness, nasality)
- Swallowing and Feeding disorders – (difficulty with the gathering of food; sucking, chewing, and swallowing)
- Stuttering (fluency) disorders – (interruption of the flow of speech that may include hesitation, repetitions, prolongations of sounds or words)
- Social Communication disorders – (difficulty with turn-taking, sharing, interpreting non-verbal cues and gestures)